Laboratory &Pharmacy Standards The following is a summary of the codes, standards, and references pertaining to laboratories. References are in parentheses.The following is a summary of the codes, standards, and references pertaining to laboratories. References are in parentheses. For reference, we provide the following summary of the codes, standards, and references pertaining to laboratories.References are in parentheses.CONTACT US A - M ADA, 28 CFR 36 (ADA 1994)Furnishes special considerations that must be given to accommodate laboratory workers with physical impairments. This includes wheelchair accessibility, work bench height, and access to controls.ANSI Z88.2-1980, American National Standard Practices for Respiratory Protection (ANSI 1982)Helps respirator users to establish, implement, and administer an effective respiratory protection program.ANSI/AIHA Z9.5, Laboratory Ventilation (AIHA 1993)Establishes minimum requirements and procedures for the design and operation of laboratory ventilation systems used to protect personnel from over-exposure to harmful or potentially harmful contaminants.ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 110 - 1995, Method of Testing Performance of Laboratory Fume Hoods (ASHRAE 1995)Provides a method to quantify fume hood performance. It tests the competence of a fume hood at a given point in time to establish a baseline for quantifying a fume hood's performance. Repeat testing is done to track and evaluate future performance compared to this baseline.ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 55 - 1992, Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy (ASHRAE 1981)Forms the basis for the indoor temperature and humidity for most spaces.ANSI/ASHRAE Standards 62 - 1999, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality (ASHRAE 1989)Forms the basis for the minimum outside air requirements for most spaces and stipulates when treatment of outside air and exhaust air is necessary.ASHRAE 90A - 1980, Standard for Energy Conservation in New Building Design (ASHRAE 1980)Provides guidelines for designing energy efficient HVAC systems.ASHRAE Handbook, HVAC Applications, Chapter 13, Laboratories (ASHRAE 1999)Provides a condensed version of the information provided in the chapters of this ASHRAE Laboratory Design Guide.BOCA National Building Code, 10th Edition (BOCA 1987a)States regulations in terms of measured performance, thus making it possible to accept new materials and methods of construction, which can be evaluated by accepted standards, without the necessity of adopting cumbersome amendments for each variable condition.BOCA National Mechanical Code, 6th Edition (BOCA 1987b)BOCA National Mechanical Code, 6th Edition (BOCA 1987b)Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (U.S. DHHS 1993)Provides Biosafety Level 1 to 4 procedures and guidelines for the manipulations of etiologic agents in laboratory settings and animal facilities. The four levels of control that are defined range from safely dealing with microorganisms that pose no risk of disease for normal healthy individuals to dealing with the high risk of life threatening diseases.CETA Spec GuideProvides airflow specifications, HEPA filter sizes and motor/bulb sizes as well as any other special notes for biological safety cabinets, Isolators and Laminar Flow hoods.Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, No. 86-23 (NRC 1996)Assists institutions in caring for and using animals in ways judged to be scientifically, technically, and humanely appropriate.Guidelines for Laboratory Design (DiBerardinis et al. 1993)Provides reliable design information related to specific health and safety issues for new and renovated laboratories. Factors such as efficiency, economics, energy conservation, and design flexibility are considered.Handbook of Facilities Planning, Volume 1, Laboratory Facilities (Ruys 1990)Gives hands-on guidance to a wide range of topics including differences and similarities between various laboratories, laboratory planning, communication enhancing design, and the definition of building systems.Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Recommended Practices, 23rd Edition (ACGIH 1998)Recommends best practices, including research data and information on the design, maintenance, and evaluation of industrial exhaust ventilations systems. Basic ventilation principles and sample calculations are also presented. N - Z NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code (NFPA 2000b)Provides the most up-to-date requirements for dealing with flammable and combustible liquids and is therefore useful to design engineers, enforcing officials, insurers, and laboratory workers.NFPA 45, Fire Protection For Laboratories using Chemicals (NFPA 2000c)Provides the minimum fire protection requirements for fire safe design and operation in educational and industrial laboratories using chemicals.NFPA 101, Life Safety Code (NFPA 2000a)Addresses all the construction, protection, and occupancy features needed to minimize danger to life from fire, smoke, and panic. Forms the basis for law in many national jurisdictions.NFPA 801, Facilities Handling Radioactive Materials (NFPA 1998)Identifies guidelines for decreasing the risk of explosion or fire and the severity of contamination from a fire or explosion at facilities (except nuclear reactors) that handle materials that are radioactive.NSF 49, Class II (Laminar Flow) Biohazard Cabinetry (NSF 1992, 2010a)Provides comprehensive information and guidance on the principles and applications of air filtration, which supplies the level of particulate cleanliness required by HVAC systems.OSHA 21 CFR 210 Current Good Manufacturing Practice in Manufacturing, Processing, Packing, and Holding of DrugsProvides information regarding the minimum current good manufacturing practices for methods to be used in, and the facilities or controls to be used for, the manufacture, processing, packing, or holding of a drug to assure that such drug meets the requirements of the act as to safety, and has the identity and strength and meets the quality and purity characteristics that it purports or is represented to possess.OSHA 21 CFR 211 Current Good Manufacturing Practice for Finished PharmaceuticalsProvides information concerning the minimum current good manufacturing practices for preparation of drug products (excluding positron emission tomography drugs) for administration to animals or humans.OSHA 29 CFR 1990, Identification, Classification, and Regulation of Carcinogens (OSHA 1991b)Determines various criteria and procedures for the identification, classification, and regulation of potential occupational carcinogens that exist in each workplace in the United States and that are regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (the Act).OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1330, Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens (OSHA 1990c)Provides worker protection from exposure to bloodborne pathogens.OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1450, Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories (OSHA 1990b)Provides protection for all laboratory workers engaged in the use of hazardous chemicals.Prudent Practices in the Laboratory, Handling and Disposal of Chemicals (NRC 1995)Recommends several prudent practices that stimulate a culture of safety for chemical laboratory operations. Provides information and cross-references on how to handle compounds that pose special hazardous risks.SEFA 1.2, Laboratory Fume Hoods, Recommended Practices (SEFA 1996)Provides information on design, materials of construction, use, and testing of laboratory fume hoods. These tests establish the average face velocity and adequacy of the airflow throughout the overall open face area of fume hoods.SEFA 2.3, Installation of Scientific Furniture and Equipment, Recommended Practices (SEFA 1997)Provides information for architects, specifying engineers, contractors, and other purchasers about the installation practices recommended by manufacturers of laboratory furniture and equipment.SEFA 8, Laboratory Furniture, Recommended Practices (SEFA 1999)Provides manufacturers, specifiers, and users with tools for evaluating the safety, durability, and structural integrity of laboratory casework and complementary items.SHEMP - Safety, Health and Environmental Management Program - Operations Manual for Laboratories (EPA 1998)This document provides guidance on management and administration, hazard identification and evaluation, laboratory Safety, Health and Environmental Division programs, engineering controls, protective clothing and equipment, work practice controls and laboratory emergency situations. 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